Ever since Dada Saheb Phalke’s ‘Raja Harishchandra’ became Bollywood’s first officially released film in 1913, there have been many landmarks, accomplishments and records, which have been achieved as well as broken, over the years. As followers of cinema, we hardly are aware of some of the records that have been established in various categories by our films and its people. This section exclusively displays a few of them, which we have compiled for you.
Raja Harishchandra (1913) - First Indian Film
Dadasaheb Phalke’s ‘Raja Harishchandra’ became the first Indian film to release on 3 May 1913. With a runtime of 40 minutes, only one print of the film was shown at the Coronation Cinematograph, but its commercial success paved the way for other films during the silent era.
Alam Ara (1931) – First Indian Talkie / Sound Film
Ardeshir Irani’s 'Alam Ara' became the first talkie release of Indian cinema ending the silent era. The film which starred Master Vithal and Zubeida in the lead roles was released on 14 March 1931 and was promoted with the tagline – ‘All Living. Breathing. 100 Percent Talking’.
Dhoop Chhaon (1935) – First Film To Use Playback Singing
Director Nitin Bose’s ‘Dhoop Chhaon’ released in 1935 by New Theatres was the first film to introduce the systematic technique of playback singing, which was composed by Rai Chand Boral and starred Biswanath Bhaduri, Vikram Kapoor, Krishnachandra Dey, Sardar Akhtar and Pahari Sanyal in key roles.
Jhansi Ki Rani (1953) – First Technicolor Film Made In India
Set in the 19th century against the backdrop of the Revolt of 1857, Sohrab Modi’s historical drama ‘Jhansi Ki Rani’ became the first Indian movie to be made in Technicolor. Mehtab, Modi's real-life wife played the titular role, while Modi appeared in the role of her mentor, Rajguru.
Kaagaz Ke Phool (1959) – First Cinemascope Movie
Guru Dutt’s ‘Kaagaz Ke Phool’ became India’s first film released in cinemascope in 1959. Though the film was shot in monochrome, it bombed at the box-office but later went on to be considered as one of Indian cinema’s cult classic.
Kisan Kanya (1937) – First Indian Film In Colour
'Kisan Kanya' released in 1937 was India's first indigenously made colour film which was directed by Moti B. Gidwani and produced by Ardeshir Irani. The film starred Padma Devi, Zillo, Ghulam Mohd. Nissar, Sayyed Ahmed and Gani.